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Geophysical Investigation

General view of the archaeological settlements in Phoenix city and its surrounding.

The project, which aims to examine the Phoenix archaeological settlement, which is approximately 60 km away from Marmaris and other settlements in the rural area around it, and has a multidisciplinary approach, is planned to carry out geophysical studies in the first 5 years. 

Geophysical studies will be carried out in the archaeological and historical settlements given in Figure.1 and in the surrounding areas. Geophysical investigation plans will be created depending on the archaeological and historical research plans to be made within the scope of the project. Geophysical studies will be applied in an integrated approach, and in this context, these will be consisted of magnetic gradiometry, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), induced polarization tomography (IPT), georadar (GPR) and seismic tomography (SRT and MASWT) methods. Thus, it will be tried to reveal the spreading areas of the settlements in the region by obtaining underground images of archaeological and historical settlements by making use of different physical properties of the underground. The studies to be carried out in this context will also enable the archaeological settlement plans underground to be revealed. Similar studies can be applied in archaeoseismology and active fault investigations when needed.

Geophysical studies will form an important pillar of archaeological documentation work in the Phoenix archaeological project. In this context, it is planned to implement integrated geophysical studies in a 5-year plan, including the basic settlements such as Apollo Sanctuary, Hisar Tepe, Fenaket, Pinari, Casara, Tlos and Saranda shown in Figure 1. There are very common ancient terraces, fortresses and old settlements in the region. When geophysical studies are required within the scope of the Phoenix project, they will be directed to these parts.

In conclusion, it should be noted that the integrated geophysical studies, which are planned to be applied in a wide area, will be important in documenting the archaeological and historical existence of the region in detail, especially the archaeological settlements in the region.