Skip to content

Geophysical Investigation

Project Team

Prof. Dr. Mahmut Göktuğ DRAHOR

Geophysical Engineer, Dokuz Eylül University

Ahmet Cemal DRAHOR

Engineer, Geoim Geophysics & Engineering


Geophysical Engineer, Geoim

Mustafa Sadık YAĞLIDERE

Geophysical Engineer, Geoim


Geophysical Engineer, Geoim

Selinda DRAHOR

Architect, Istituto Europea Design

General view of the archaeological settlements in Phoenix city and its surrounding.

The project, which aims to examine the Phoenix archaeological settlement, which is approximately 60 km away from Marmaris and other settlements in the rural area around it, and has a multidisciplinary approach, is planned to carry out geophysical studies in the first 5 years. These studies will be carried out by a team chaired by Dokuz Eylül University faculty member Prof. Dr. Mahmut Göktuğ Drahor and with the participation of Caner Öztürk, Buğra Oğuz Kaya and Mustafa Sadık Yağlıdere from Geoim Ltd (

Geophysical studies will be carried out in the archaeological and historical settlements given in Figure.1 and in the surrounding areas. Geophysical investigation plans will be created depending on the archaeological and historical research plans to be made within the scope of the project. Geophysical studies will be applied in an integrated approach, and in this context, these will be consisted of magnetic gradiometry, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), induced polarization tomography (IPT), georadar (GPR) and seismic tomography (SRT and MASWT) methods (Drahor, 2006; Drahor et al., 2007; Drahor 2011; Drahor et al., 2015; Drahor 2019; El-Qady et al., 2019). Thus, it will be tried to reveal the spreading areas of the settlements in the region by obtaining underground images of archaeological and historical settlements by making use of different physical properties of the underground. The studies to be carried out in this context will also enable the archaeological settlement plans underground to be revealed. Similar studies can be applied in archaeoseismology and active fault investigations when needed.

Geophysical studies will form an important pillar of archaeological documentation work in the Phoenix archaeological project. In this context, it is planned to implement integrated geophysical studies in a 5-year plan, including the basic settlements such as Apollo Sanctuary, Hisar Tepe, Fenaket, Pinari, Casara, Tlos and Saranda shown in Figure 1. There are very common ancient terraces, fortresses and old settlements in the region. When geophysical studies are required within the scope of the Phoenix project, they will be directed to these parts.

In conclusion, it should be noted that the integrated geophysical studies, which are planned to be applied in a wide area, will be important in documenting the archaeological and historical existence of the region in detail, especially the archaeological settlements in the region.


Drahor, M.G., (2006) Integrated geophysical studies in the upper part of Sardis archaeological site, Turkey. J Appl Geophys 59:205–223.

Drahor, M.G., Göktürkler, G., Berge, M.A., Kurtulmuş, T.Ö., Tuna, N., (2007). 3-D resistivity imaging from an archaeological site in south-western Anatolia, Turkey: a case study, Near Surface Geophysics, 5, 195-201.

Drahor, M.G., (2011) A review of integrated geophysical investigations from archaeological and cultural sites under encroaching urbanisation in İzmir, Turkey. Phys Chem Earth Parts A/B/C 36:1294–1309.

Drahor, M.G., Berge, M.A., Öztürk, C., Ortan, B., (2015). Integrated geophysical investigations at a sacred Hittite Area in Central Anatolia, Turkey. Near Surface Geophysics, 13, 523-543, doi: 10.3997/1873-0604.2015037.

Drahor, M.G., (2019). Integrated Geophysical Investigations In Archaeological Sites: Case Studies From Turkey, M. METWALY & G. E. QADY [Editors], Archaeogeophysics State Of The Art And Case Studies (27 – 68): Springer.

El-Qady, G., Metwaly, M., Drahor, M.G., (2019). Geophysical Techniques Applied in Archaeology,  M. METWALY & G. E. QADY [Editors], Archaeogeophysics State Of The Art And Case Studies (1 – 25): Springer.

Mahmut Göktuğ Drahor has been studied as a Professor in Department of Geophysical Engineering of Engineering Faculty, Dokuz Eylül University. He specializes in Near Surface Geophysics, Archaeological Prospection and Archaeoseismology. He has got the first geophysics doctorate in the investigation of archaeological sites in Turkey. In addition, he founded the first research center about Near Surface Geophysics and Archaeological Prospection in Turkey. Drahor has got a great number of national and international papers on this subject. He is also founded member of the International Society of Archaeological Prospection (ISAP), and he had been executed the member of management Committee of this society. Currently, he has got Scientific Committee member of some national and international societies, and he is continued scientific researches and studied as a consultancy in many project on related subjects. He is also a Management Committee member on behalf of Turkey in the european union Cost project “The Soil science & archaeo-Geophysics Alliance: going beyond prospection (SAGA), which is a new interdisciplinary network of scientists”.

Born in 1963, Cemal Drahor was graduated from Bornova Anadolu Lisesi in 1981. He was then graduated from. İTÜ as an Electronics and Communication Engineer, in 1986. In his early career, he worked as a Research Engineer in R&D which was followed by active roles in Finance. Since 1990, he has been working in Senior Manager positions in various International & Global companies. He spend quite a long time abroad as being responsible for Regional and Global markets. He is still in charge of an Executive management role in a Global company as being Board member and General Manager. He has also played active roles in Geoim as founding partner. He is fluent in English and German. Cemal is also board member of BOSAD and KPTK. He actively continues sport activities i.e. Tennis, diving, trekking and cycling.

He graduated from Dokuz Eylül University, Geophysical Engineering Department in 2017. He has been working as a geophysical engineer at Geoim Engineering Consulting Software and Construction Ltd. He has been involved in geophysical studies of many archaeological sites since 2018.

He graduated from Dokuz Eylül University, Geophysical Engineering Department in 2018. He has been working as a geophysical engineer at Geoim Engineering Consulting Software and Construction Ltd. He has been involved in geophysical studies of many archaeological sites since 2018.

Caner Öztürk grauated from Dokuz Eylül University, Geophysical Engineering Department in 2008. He has worked in geophysical surveys of many archaeological sites since 2006. He has been continuing his career as a founding partner and project coordinator in Geoim Engineering, Consulting Ltd since 2011, and his PhD studies in Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa.

Selinda Drahor graduated from the Interior design department of Istituto Europeo di Design in Milan-Italy in the summer of 2020. She attends some archaeological excavations in line with her curiosity while she was a student. She worked as an assistant in geophysical research carried out in the Sapinuva archaeological excavation in 2015 and as also an architectural assistant in Sardis archaeological excavation in 2019. She speaks fluent English and intermediate German languages. Due to the education she received at the university, her artistic tendencies increased and she combined technique with art as a result of her education. Especially her passion for painting and music associates her with art.